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Pain Management in the Patient with Substance Use Disorder 

Pain Management in the Patient with Substance Use Disorder
Pain Management in the Patient with Substance Use Disorder

Thomas Hickey

and Jessica Feinleib

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date: 25 October 2020

Managing pain in the patient with substance use disorder can be challenging. This chapter describes those challenges and provides strategies to address them. Specifically it discusses the prevalence and specific considerations for commonly abused substances, the need for aggressive communication among perioperative clinicians, and a strategy to decrease acute postoperative pain and associated complications using opioid-sparing, multimodal analgesia. It includes a discussion of the concept of equianalgesic opioid doses and management of opioid-related side effects including respiratory depression, with regard to buprenorphine, naltrexone, and methadone. Specific consideration is given to the surgical patient treated with buprenorphine, and a defined clinical plan is outlined.

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