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Pain Management and Urinary Retention 

Pain Management and Urinary Retention
Chapter:
Pain Management and Urinary Retention
Author(s):

Sophia Delpe

, Amanda Norwich

, and Toby C. Chai

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190457006.003.0012
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date: 01 December 2020

Normal bladder function relies on complex brain functions such as executive function, emotion, and awareness. Other individual factors also come into play such as local pathology, medications, compensatory abilities of the bladder, and the age and size of the patient. This chapter begins by explaining the anatomy of the lower urinary tract, which is comprised of the bladder and the urethra. It then explores neural considerations in bladder function and postoperative urinary retention (POUR), which is a term utilized to describe an individual who has “incomplete bladder emptying” or a patient with urinary retention who cannot void at all when there is a sufficient volume in the bladder. The chapter concludes with a management algorithm for POUR.

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