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Wound Care 

Wound Care
Chapter:
Wound Care
Author(s):

Amit Ramjit

, and Saad Shebrain

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190276249.003.0004
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date: 22 September 2019

The skin and subcutaneous tissues protect the body from the external environment. Invasive procedures compromise the skin, necessitating these structures to heal which restores their protective function. Skin undergoes a systematic physiologic and predictable repair process. However, pathological conditions such as infection result in abnormal wound healing, which requires the healthcare provider to monitor the wound-healing process closely. Failure in wound healing can place the patient at risk for deeper infection, life-threatening complications such as necrotizing fasciitis (NF), and cosmetically unacceptable wounds. Abnormal healing outcomes, such as a history of keloid or hypertrophic scarring from previous trauma or invasive procedures, give the clinician clues to managing additional procedures properly. Knowledge of wound care techniques such as dressings allows the clinician to manage wounds properly during the repair process.

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