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IVC Embryology and Anatomy 

IVC Embryology and Anatomy
IVC Embryology and Anatomy

Claire S. Kaufman

, Keith B. Quencer

, and John A. Kaufman

Page of

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date: 22 September 2020

As the largest venous structure in the body, the inferior vena cava (IVC) acts as a central conduit in many interventional radiology (IR) procedures. It originates from the regression of three paired embryonic veins in the developing embryo. Given the complex embryology of the IVC, it is not surprising that many anomalies occur. The first portion of this chapter provides an overview of the anatomy and embryology of the IVC to frame subsequent discussions later in the chapter on the anomalies and various pathologies that an interventional radiologist may encounter. An in-depth discussion on IVC filtration is also included.

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