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The Aorta 

The Aorta
Chapter:
The Aorta
Author(s):

Kyle J. Cooper

, Constantino S. Peña

, and James F. Benenati

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190276249.003.0018
Page of

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date: 15 September 2019

The aorta is the primary conduit delivering arterial blood from the heart to the rest of the body. Understanding its formation and development is essential to explaining its variant anatomy. The aorta can be involved in a large number of conditions. Atherosclerosis is the most common process that affects the aorta. In addition, acute aortic injury can lead to ulceration, dissection, rupture, and transection. Genetic and hereditable conditions involving the aorta are conditions that can cause a number of changes to the structural makeup of the aortic wall. Understanding these condition allows their proper recognition, diagnosis, and treatment. This chapter, therefore, will review the anatomy, pathophysiology, and disease management related to the aorta.

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