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Introduction to Ablative Techniques 

Introduction to Ablative Techniques
Chapter:
Introduction to Ablative Techniques
Author(s):

Christopher L. Brace

, and Paul F. Laeseke

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190276249.003.0015
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date: 22 September 2019

Tumor ablation has become an important technique for treating many cancers of the abdomen, chest, and bones. Over the last 30 years, several different ablation modalities have been evaluated, relying primarily on chemical or thermal mechanisms of action. Early results with percutaneous ethanol injection and radiofrequency (RF) ablation encouraged refinements in technology and techniques, with microwave, laser, ultrasound, and electroporation sources now commercially available. Thermal ablation is now affixed in multiple treatment guidelines for the liver, lung, kidney, and bone, with other applications emerging as well. This chapter presents an overview of thermal ablation for the interventional radiologist. Available modalities are outlined and clinical utilization described, with references to the most compelling contemporary sources for more in-depth exploration.

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