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Integrative Approach to Nicotine Use Disorder 

Integrative Approach to Nicotine Use Disorder
Chapter:
Integrative Approach to Nicotine Use Disorder
Author(s):

David Martarano

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190275334.003.0009
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date: 10 April 2020

Smoking (tobacco use) is a the costliest and deadliest of the substance-use disorders. Smoking cessation is an industry unto itself. Alternative approaches to smoking cessation pre-date pharmacologic approaches (buproprion, varenicline, nicotine replacement) including: hypnosis, CBT, yoga, supplements, and acupuncture have been clinically validated. Other approaches, including energy healing and diet, have not demonstrated efficacy. This chapter focuses on genetics, pharmacology, physiology, and the aforementioned approaches and the relevant research of this long-standing epidemic.

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