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Religion and Spirituality in Family Medicine 

Religion and Spirituality in Family Medicine
Religion and Spirituality in Family Medicine

Timothy P. Daaleman

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date: 05 August 2021

There is awareness among contemporary family physicians of the intersection of religion and spirituality (R/S) and health care. The rigorous examination of R/S and health outcomes continues to be hampered by methodological challenges and the lack of plausible conceptual models. However one important area of investigation, and growing evidence base, can be found in the spiritual care provided at the end of life. In this clinical setting and other related contexts, a health services perspective provides a structured approach to both research and practice, particularly with contemporary movements to value-based health care. For physicians, the following clinical skills are the foundation to spiritual care: (1) empathy and attentiveness; (2) formulating a whole person care plan that is inclusive of spiritual factors; (3) including pastoral and other spiritual care specialists in the care plan, and; (4) identifying and addressing concordant and discordant beliefs and values when they arise.

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