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Medicine, Spirituality, Religion, and Psychology 

Medicine, Spirituality, Religion, and Psychology
Medicine, Spirituality, Religion, and Psychology

Kelly M. Trevino

and Kenneth I. Pargament

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date: 30 July 2021

The current chapter examines the relationship between religion/spirituality (R/S) and medicine through the psychological lens of a religious coping framework. This relationship is considered at the theoretical, patient, caregiver, and care team levels. The R/S beliefs, practices, and coping strategies of patients, informal caregivers, and health care providers in the context of illness is then discussed. A large body of research demonstrates the important role of R/S in how patients and caregivers understand and cope with illness. Similarly, many health care providers view illness and their clinical care through a R/S lens and believe that attending to patients’ spiritual needs is part of their professional role. The chapter concludes with a brief review of psycho-spiritual interventions in medical populations.

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