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Fungal Infections of the Central Nervous System 

Fungal Infections of the Central Nervous System
Chapter:
Fungal Infections of the Central Nervous System
Author(s):

John W. Wilson

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190244927.003.0077
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date: 22 October 2019

Fungal infections in the central nervous system (CNS) are encountered clinically in both inpatients and outpatients. These infections are identified more readily in patients with immunosuppressive conditions, but select fungal pathogens are occasionally diagnosed in immunocompetent patients as well. An example is a recent outbreak of fungal meningitis caused by epidural injection of contaminated batches of corticosteroids. Compared with most bacterial and viral infections of the CNS, fungal infections can be more challenging to diagnose and treat. This chapter reviews 3 groups of fungi involved in CNS infections: yeasts, dimorphic fungi, and molds.

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