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Neuro-ophthalmology: Extraocular Muscles and Cranial Nerves III, IV, and VIa 

Neuro-ophthalmology: Extraocular Muscles and Cranial Nerves III, IV, and VIa
Chapter:
Neuro-ophthalmology: Extraocular Muscles and Cranial Nerves III, IV, and VIa
Author(s):

Paul W. Brazis

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190244927.003.0054
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date: 15 October 2019

Conjugate eye movement requires voluntary and reflexive input to the final common pathway (cranial nerves III, IV, and VI and their respective muscles). More detailed anatomy of relevant structures is provided in Volume 1. This chapter briefly reviews the anatomy of the extraocular muscles and cranial nerves III, IV, and VI and focuses on related clinical syndromes or diseases. Supranuclear input to these structures and dysfunction is discussed in other chapters.

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