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Epilepsy Classification 

Epilepsy Classification
Epilepsy Classification

Kristine S. Ziemba

and Katherine H. Noe

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date: 26 July 2021

A firm understanding of the definitions of seizures and epilepsy, seizure semiology, and classification is important in the initial approach to a patient presenting with seizure. Characterizing the seizures appropriately helps narrow the differential diagnosis and leads to appropriate diagnostic testing and identification of electroclinical syndromes. Electroclinical syndromes are clinical entities that are identified by a cluster of clinical and electroencephalographic (EEG) characteristics that occur together. This chapter reviews the basic definitions and classifications of seizure disorders and epilepsy. Select epilepsy syndromes are also reviewed.

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