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The Diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis 

The Diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis
Chapter:
The Diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis
Author(s):

Istvan Pirko

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190244927.003.0020
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date: 22 October 2019

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common idiopathic inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system, with a prevalence of 1 in 500 to 1 in 2,000 people, depending on geography and a number of other factors. Idiopathic inflammatory demyelinating diseases include other diseases, such as acute disseminated encephalomyelitis and neuromyelitis optica, and a number of less commonly seen varieties, such as Balo concentric sclerosis, tumefactive MS, or the Marburg variant, which is a fulminant, monophasic demyelinating disease. This chapter reviews the clinical presentation and diagnostic criteria for MS.

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