Show Summary Details
Page of

Dysphagia, Xerostomia, and Hiccups 

Dysphagia, Xerostomia, and Hiccups
Dysphagia, Xerostomia, and Hiccups

Constance Dahlin

and Audrey Kurash Cohen

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 20 April 2021

Problems involving the oral and gastrointestinal systems are often associated with many diseases and are also common as side effects of treatments. The symptoms of dysphagia (difficulty swallowing), xerostomia (dry mouth), and hiccups are among the most distressing to patients and their family caregivers. This chapter reviews the normal mechanisms of swallowing, the physiologic basis of these symptoms, and the disorders where these symptoms are most likely to occur. Assessment is reviewed along with pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatments. Nutritional alterations to mitigate these symptoms are included. The chapter also reviews the important principle of patient education and family caregiver support in managing symptoms.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.