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Pain Assessment 

Pain Assessment
Chapter:
Pain Assessment
Author(s):

Regina M. Fink

, Rose A. Gates

, and Robert K. Montgomery

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190239442.003.0001
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date: 19 June 2019

This chapter reviews principles of the multifactorial pain assessment as the essential foundation for treatment of pain. Types of pain and various forms of categorization are presented, including acute, chronic, or acute on chronic, as well as nociceptive, neuropathic, and visceral pain syndromes. Assessment of the underlying cause of pain as well as influencing factors and individual characteristics is vital to developing a comprehensive, accurate plan of care. Pain assessment instruments, including those used in special populations, are presented. Recommendations for interviewing techniques are addressed, as are suggestions for physical examination. Barriers to adequate assessment are delineated, along with solutions to overcome these obstacles.

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