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Behavioral Health 

Behavioral Health
Behavioral Health

Ardis Hanson

, Carol A Ott

, and Bruce Lubotsky Levin

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date: 17 January 2021

Seven of the top 20 disorders affecting morbidity are mental illnesses: major depressive disorders, drug use disorders, anxiety disorders, alcohol use disorders, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and dysthymia. Behavioral health disorders are important determinants of work role disability and quality of life. Behavioral health disorders also have generally stronger “cross-domain” effects, exacerbating the diagnosis and treatment of many physical disorders and chronic medical conditions. In addition to the persistent stigma surrounding behavioral health disorders, there are issues of reimbursement, costs of care, availability of care based on provider and/or geographic availability, policy limitations, formulary restrictions, transportation, provider knowledge, patient knowledge, attitudinal/evaluative barriers, medication compliance, family support (or lack of it), inconvenience or inability to obtain an appointment, and refusal of treatment. This chapter provides an overview of the issues surrounding behavioral health care from a population health perspective, including pharmaceutical treatment and competencies for community-based pharmacists.

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