Show Summary Details
Page of



Ardis Hanson

, Bruce Lubotsky Levin

, and Aimon Miranda

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 03 March 2021

Given the amount and types of data collected by public and private organizations, as well as by local, city, county, state, and national agencies, purposes and information systems remain disparate in their structure and function. Hence, there is a significant need to develop high-quality data standards that provide the basis for uniform, comparable, and good-quality information on populations, disorders, and services that address the dual needs of pharmacy and public health. This chapter examines initiatives at the global, regional, and national levels, tying the semantics of health and surveillance to pharmacy practice to issues of technology, such as m-health, re-engineering, and automation.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.