Show Summary Details
Page of

The Central Autonomic System: The Hypothalamus 

The Central Autonomic System: The Hypothalamus
The Central Autonomic System: The Hypothalamus

Per Brodal

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 08 March 2021

Chapter 30 deals with the central control of the autonomic nervous system, in which the hypothalamus plays a dominant role. Broadly, the role of the hypothalamus is to organize the autonomic, endocrine, and somatic-motor processes into behavior that is appropriate for the immediate and long-term needs of the organism. In addition, the hypothalamus plays a unique role-by means of the pituitary gland-in the superior control of the endocrine system. The overall aim is to maintain bodily homeostasis in a wide sense. More specifically, the hypothalamus participates in control of body temperature, feeding, circadian rhythms, reproduction, sleep, and the immune system. It is also connected with higher levels of the central nervous system including the cerebral cortex and the amygdala. These connections are important links psychosomatic interrelations. Hypothalamic efferent connections have three main targets: the pituitary, autonomic preganglionic neurons, somatic-efferent cell groups, and higher levels of the brain.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.