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Normal EEG in Wakefulness and Sleep: Preterm; Term; Infant; Adolescent 

Normal EEG in Wakefulness and Sleep: Preterm; Term; Infant; Adolescent
Chapter:
Normal EEG in Wakefulness and Sleep: Preterm; Term; Infant; Adolescent
Author(s):

Phillip L. Pearl

, Jules Beal

, Monika Eisermann

, Sunita Misra

, Perrine Plouin

, Solomon L. Moshe

, James J. Riviello

, Douglas R. Nordli

, and Eli M. Mizrahi

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190228484.003.0007
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date: 19 October 2019

Electroencephalogram (EEG) interpretation depends on accurate pattern recognition. One of the first lessons the novice electroencephalographer learns is that EEG pattern interpretation must take into account the patient’s age and the level of vigilance, or state. EEG patterns vary according to central nervous system development and maturation. This process evolves over time, starting with the early development and maturation of the nervous system (an evolution) to a peak of maturity, followed by an involution. Basic differences exist between the ascending (developmental) and descending (involutional) portions of this curve. This chapter discusses pediatric EEG, from the dramatic ontogenic transitioning of the neonate, premature and term, to infants, children, and adolescents.

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