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Nonepileptic Events 

Nonepileptic Events
Nonepileptic Events

David K. Chen

, and W. Curt LaFrance

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date: 23 September 2020

Nonepileptic events (NEE) represent important differential diagnoses in patients with neurobehavioral paroxysms, especially those with apparent drug-resistant epilepsy. Errant recognition of NEE may not only subject the patient to potential complications of unnecessary epilepsy treatment, but delay the delivery of treatment that properly addresses the underlying pathology. For many patients with NEE, such as those with the conversion disorder psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) or with physiologic NEE (e.g., cardiac-induced syncope), delays in the provision of proper treatment have been shown to be associated with significant morbidity. This review focuses on clinical evaluations aiming to enhance the recognition of the different etiologies of NEE and distinguish between NEE and epilepsy, as well as between NEE of varying pathologies. Evidence-based treatments and management of NEE, particularly those pertaining to PNES, will also be discussed.

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