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Seizures and Status Epilepticus 

Seizures and Status Epilepticus
Chapter:
Seizures and Status Epilepticus
Author(s):

Pravin Taneja

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190226459.003.0082
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date: 19 February 2020

Epilepsy is one of the most prevalent chronic neurological disorders both in the U.S. and worldwide, effecting ~1% of the world population. As a result, patients with a history of epilepsy frequently present for surgery. It is important to be aware of how to best characterize the severity of the disease, and treat seizures should they be encountered. In this chapter, we review the epidemiology and pathophysiology of epilepsy. We also discuss the most severe and life threatening form of the condition, status epilepticus. In this emergency situation it is critical that seizures be terminated, and supportive care given. We delineate initial treatment steps and medications, in addition to providing recommendations for refractory cases.

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