Show Summary Details
Page of

Acute Severe Asthma and Bronchospasm 

Acute Severe Asthma and Bronchospasm
Chapter:
Acute Severe Asthma and Bronchospasm
Author(s):

Amanda T. Redding

, and Marc Hassid

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190226459.003.0079
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 19 September 2020

This chapter focuses on acute asthma and bronchospasm occurring in the perioperative period. Over 6% of the people in the United States have asthma, which is characterized by chronic inflammation, airway hyperresponsiveness, excessive mucus, and reversible airway obstruction. Due to generalized airway hyperreactivity, a history of asthma increases the risk of coughing, wheezing, bronchospasm, and oxygen desaturation. Although the incidence of bronchospasm associated with asthma is low, when it occurs it is often severe. A stepwise treatment algorithm is defined, which covers the use of first line agents such as inhaled beta-2 agonists and steroids, but also agents that are useful for refractory cases such as epinephrine, magnesium, and possibly ketamine.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.