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Nerve Injuries from Positioning and Regional Blocks 

Nerve Injuries from Positioning and Regional Blocks
Chapter:
Nerve Injuries from Positioning and Regional Blocks
Author(s):

Rajnish K. Gupta

, and Alexandria N. Nickless

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190226459.003.0074
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date: 21 September 2020

Peripheral nerve injury in the perioperative period can have a variety of etiologies, including preexisting patient factors and by surgical and anesthetic complications such as intraoperative positioning and nerve blockade. The actual incidence may be difficult to assess, because most nerve injuries resolve with time and frequently require minimal to no intervention. Injuries often manifest more than 48 hours after surgery and have even been noted in patients who undergo awake procedures and in hospitalized patients who never undergo surgery. This should not negate the fact that close attention to detail when positioning patients and performing regional anesthesia may help decrease the overall incidence of nerve injury and should be considered in every anesthesiologist’s perioperative plan. This chapter reviews proper assessment, treatment, and follow-up for peripheral nerve injuries.

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