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Seizures and Status Epilepticus 

Seizures and Status Epilepticus
Chapter:
Seizures and Status Epilepticus
Author(s):

Neha Aggarwala

, and Pirjo H. Manninen

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190226459.003.0065
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date: 06 July 2020

Seizures are common with 5%–10% of the general population experiencing a seizure in their lifetime and 1%–3% having a seizure disorder. Patients undergoing neurosurgical procedures are at an increased risk of perioperative seizures, including seizures occurring during surgery. To prevent and minimize perioperative seizures, the preoperative optimization of patients with seizures is crucial, including administration of regular antiepileptic agents. Status epilepticus is a true neurological emergency, with early and aggressive treatment being imperative for successful management. This chapter reviews the diagnosis, risk factors for seizures, and the initial treatment of an acute perioperative seizure as well as the management of status epilepticus.

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