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Jennifer Oliver

, and K. Annette Mizuguchi

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date: 19 June 2021

This chapter examines the diagnosis and management of an unexpected pneumothorax in a patient undergoing general anesthesia. It reviews the mechanisms and risks associated with development of a pneumothorax in the perioperative period, further characterizing the various types of pneumothoraces, including spontaneous, traumatic, and iatrogenic pneumothorax. General anesthesia can alter many of the presenting signs and symptoms normally associated with the development of a pneumothorax, making diagnosis difficult. These variances are discussed, and information regarding the step by step management of a tension pneumothorax is included. It also describes common procedures associated with an increased risk of developing a pneumothorax.

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