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Mechanical Airflow Disruption 

Mechanical Airflow Disruption
Chapter:
Mechanical Airflow Disruption
Author(s):

Alissa Sodickson

, and James Hardy

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190226459.003.0018
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date: 27 February 2020

Disruption in airflow can result in a life-threatening emergency due to inadequate gas exchange, and being able to quickly acknowledge and resolve this critical issue is key to the successful management of patients in perioptherative arena. While it may arise from several mechanisms, two clinically important ones that are often encountered are endobronchial intubation and foreign-body aspiration. Endobronchial intubation is the most common. It is easily treated, often goes unrecognized, and may result in patient harm. Foreign-body aspiration may present in a number of different ways and with varying clinical acuity. This chapter discusses the signs, symptoms, consequences, and management of airflow disruption arising from these two potential causes.

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