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Cory M. Furse

, and Matthew D. McEvoy

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date: 19 June 2021

Laryngospasm is one of the most vexing problems in anesthesia and perioperative care. The onset of which carries the risk of oxygen desaturation, bradycardia, aspiration, and cardiac arrest. In this chapter, the mechanisms involved in producing laryngospasm are covered in detail, and an anatomical review of both sensory and motor innervation is included. Risk factors associated with the development of laryngospasm, including those specific to the patient, the type of surgery, and/or the anesthesia techniques are discussed. Proper patient assessment and prompt treatment for this life-threatening emergency are essential skills needed for safe patient care in the peri-operative arena.

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