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Nomenclature for Renal Replacement Therapy in Acute Kidney Injury 

Nomenclature for Renal Replacement Therapy in Acute Kidney Injury
Nomenclature for Renal Replacement Therapy in Acute Kidney Injury

Mauro Neri

, Jorge Cerdá

, Francesco Garzotto

, Gianluca Villa

, and Claudio Ronco

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date: 27 July 2021

We describe the basic principles underlying RRT technologies and the application of those principles to direct patient care. The aim of this chapter is to focus on the basic aspects and applications of continuous renal replacement therapies (CRRT) that are most often utilized in the treatment of the critically ill patient with severe AKI. We provide a thorough description of the CRRT hardware and disposables; the procedure phases; the solutes and fluid transport mechanisms across membranes; and the different prescribing modalities.

To ensure a complete review of the RRT nomenclature utilized in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), we screened the literature of the last 25 years and implemented previous taxonomy efforts. We completed an extensive literature search for papers published in English from Jan 1990 to date.

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