Show Summary Details
Page of

The ICU Environment 

The ICU Environment
The ICU Environment

Ayan Sen

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 19 June 2021

In the United States over 4 million patients are admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) each year, ICU related spending approaches $80 billion annually, and one in five of all deaths occur in a hospitalization involving the ICU. ICUs consist of teams of dedicated professionals working round-the-clock using latest technologies to save lives that otherwise would have been lost. The Intensive Care Unit has been the hallmark of the modern hospital, having come into prominence in the past thirty years. Florence Nightingale was the first to suggest that critically ill patients need specialized, separate care during the 1850s. The development of ICUs was preceded by postoperative recovery rooms following World War II. The polio epidemic and subsequent performance of tracheotomy in a Copenhagen hospital with manual ventilation led to establishment of separate areas in the hospital to care for such patients. The birth of the mechanical ventilator in the 1950s provided a fillip to creation of dedicated units with specialized care.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.