Show Summary Details
Page of

The Critically Ill Patient with Acute Kidney Injury 

The Critically Ill Patient with Acute Kidney Injury
The Critically Ill Patient with Acute Kidney Injury

Aditya Uppalapati

and John A. Kellum

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 27 July 2021

The terms acute kidney injury (AKI) and acute renal failure (ARF) are not synonymous. While the term renal failure is best reserved for patients who have lost renal function to the point that life can no longer be sustained without intervention, AKI is used to describe the milder as well as severe forms of acute renal dysfunction in patients. Although the analogy is imperfect, the AKI–ARF relationship can be thought of as being similar to the relationship between acute coronary syndrome and ischemic heart failure. AKI is intended to describe the entire spectrum of disease from being relatively mild to severe. In contrast, renal failure is defined as renal function inadequate to clear the waste products of metabolism despite the absence of or correction of hemodynamic or mechanical causes.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.