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Pleural Collections and Emergencies 

Pleural Collections and Emergencies
Chapter:
Pleural Collections and Emergencies
Author(s):

Heeseop Shin

, Louis Marone

, and Hani H. Abujudeh

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190223656.003.0012
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date: 01 December 2020

This chapter provides information on different types of pleural collections in the emergency setting. These include pleural effusion, pneumothorax, hemothorax, chylothorax, and empyema. Normal anatomy and physiology of the pleural space are important to understanding the development of pathology. Clinical information such as presenting symptoms, physical examination and laboratory findings, and intervention are discussed. Pertinent imaging findings, pitfalls, and differential diagnoses for each pleural collection are presented. Complications related to disease progression and/or management include tension pneumothorax, re-expansion pulmonary edema, and bronchopleural fistula.

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