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Executive Functions/Cognitive Control Functions 

Executive Functions/Cognitive Control Functions
Chapter:
Executive Functions/Cognitive Control Functions
Author(s):

John Hart Jr.

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190219031.003.0009
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date: 24 May 2022

Cognitive control functions refer to a group of processes that direct, configure, and/or modulate processing in different cognitive domains. These functions can be “domain-specific” in that they (selection, shifting, etc.) are engaged in only one cognitive domain (e.g., language, episodic memory, and working memory) or “domain-general” functions that can be performed in multiple domains. The anatomic organization to cognitive control functions can be as circumscribed anatomic units with regional specialization or as part of a general undifferentiated cognitive domain that can recruit brain regions depending on the complexity of the cognitive unit and task to be performed. The control functions of monitoring, task setting, response inhibition, decision-making, and selection are discussed in detail.

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