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Literature Review and Evidence 

Literature Review and Evidence
Chapter:
Literature Review and Evidence
Author(s):

Andrea L. Nicol

and Usman Latif

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190217518.003.0002
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date: 23 October 2019

This chapter reviews concepts underlying critical analysis of literature and evidence-based medicine because a thorough understanding of these topics is of utmost importance in the interpretation of medical literature and applicability of the results therein. Basic principles of valid clinical research and components of clinical trials are reviewed. The chapter explores specific topics pertaining to the designing, reporting, and interpreting of clinical studies about the treatment of pain. The effects of the analysis on the clinical applicability of study results are discussed. Finally, it identifies special features specific to the study of pain. A number of references are provided for further reading.

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