Show Summary Details
Page of



Bryan Covert

and Marc A. Huntoon

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2016. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 23 October 2019

This chapter addresses the indications for and complications related to surgical, pharmacologic, and adjunctive neuromodulation therapy. Many forms of neuromodulation therapy find their inspiration from the landmark work by Melzack and Wall in 1965 that described the gate theory of pain. Fifty years later, technological and pharmaceutical progress leads the charge on this exciting field within pain medicine. As understanding of the generation, transmission, and interpretation of pain signaling expands, the options for interventional and medical therapy will surely follow suit. These advancements are a welcome addition as the aging population meets a medical community seeking to curb chronic opioid therapy. The questions in this chapter serve as a guide to the salient neuromodulation techniques, but an emphasis should be placed on the suggested readings in this chapter to develop a more thorough understanding of the topic and variety of techniques and pharmacotherapy not covered.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.