Show Summary Details
Page of

Prescription and Over-the Counter Drug Misuse 

Prescription and Over-the Counter Drug Misuse
Prescription and Over-the Counter Drug Misuse

Darius A. Rastegar

and Michael I. Fingerhood

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 05 April 2020

A variety of prescription drugs are used for purposes other than those intended; opioids are the most commonly misused class, followed by sedatives and stimulants. A variety of prescription and over-the-counter drugs are also used for nonmedical purposes. Misused over-the-counter medications include dextromethorphan-containing cough syrups or tablets, and the antihistamines diphenhydramine and dimenhydrinate. There are a number of risk factors for misuse, most prominently a history of a substance use disorder, including smoking. Aberrant medication-taking behaviors may help identify individuals who are misusing these drugs. Strategies to address this problem include limiting the prescribing of controlled substances, monitoring patients who are prescribed these medications, and providing treatment for those who have a substance use disorder.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.