Show Summary Details
Page of

Inhalants: Volatile Organic Compounds, Nitrites, and Anesthetics 

Inhalants: Volatile Organic Compounds, Nitrites, and Anesthetics
Chapter:
Inhalants: Volatile Organic Compounds, Nitrites, and Anesthetics
Author(s):

Darius A. Rastegar

and Michael I. Fingerhood

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190214647.003.0011
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 29 March 2020

Inhalants are a pharmacologically diverse group of substances with a common route of use (“huffing” or “sniffing”). These include volatile organic compounds (fuels, solvents, adhesives, cleaning agents and aerosols), volatile anesthetics (nitrous oxide, ether, halothane, enflurane, and propofol), and nitrites (amyl nitrite and others). Inhalant use is highest among adolescents and declines with age. Nitrous oxide, also known as laughing gas, is the most commonly used inhalant, followed by amyl nitrite and organic compounds. The most serious complications associated with their use are encephalopathy with volatile organic compounds, hypoxia with anesthetics, and methemoglobinemia with nitrites. There are few data on the treatment of individuals who use inhalants.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.