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Current Progress and Future Potential in the Evaluation and Treatment of Age-Related Cognitive Declines 

Current Progress and Future Potential in the Evaluation and Treatment of Age-Related Cognitive Declines
Chapter:
Current Progress and Future Potential in the Evaluation and Treatment of Age-Related Cognitive Declines
Author(s):

Keith A. Wesnes

and Helen J. Brooker

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190214401.003.0014
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date: 29 January 2022

Research data obtained during the past few decades have confirmed the widely acknowledged phenomenon that cognitive function peaks in early adulthood and declines thereafter. Such changes occur in the majority of individuals and precede more dramatic conditions such as dementia. Evidence is emerging that healthier cognitive aging can be achieved via a wide range of treatments, interventions, and lifestyle changes. The field of dementia research is also entering the space of normal cognitive aging with trials aimed at the new condition of preclinical Alzheimer’s disease. Success in this field depends on having the appropriate cognitive tests to definitively assess the benefits, and automated testing has made excellent inroads here. The opportunity to administer cognitive tasks via the Internet will enable very large, long-term, international trials to be conducted, which will produce the big data necessary to answer many important but unresolved questions in this field.

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