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Pathophysiology of Qi and Vital Substances 

Pathophysiology of Qi and Vital Substances
Pathophysiology of Qi and Vital Substances

Jingduan Yang

and Daniel A. Monti

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date: 02 August 2021

This chapter describes clinical syndromes of various types of abnormalities in Qi and vital substances, such as deficiency of Yuan Qi, Zong Qi, Ying Qi, Wei Qi, Blood, Fluid, and Essences. It also describes conditions where there is excess Qi or Blood due to stagnations or stasis, such as Liver Qi Stagnation and Heart Blood Stasis. This chapter also discusses sunken Qi due to extreme Zong Qi deficiency and Rebellious Qi (Qi moving toward the opposite direction of normal) such as Rebellious Stomach Qi, due to disturbed Qi flow by various types of pathogenic energies. The abnormalities of Qi and vital substances in each internal organ are also discussed in details that lay a solid foundation for formulating a clinical diagnosis.

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