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Physiology of the Internal Organs 

Physiology of the Internal Organs
Physiology of the Internal Organs

Jingduan Yang

and Daniel A. Monti

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date: 22 September 2020

This chapter provides a detailed description of the concepts of internal human organs from a Chinese medicine perspective, including two additional organs: Pericardium and San Jiao (cavities of chest, abdomen, and pelvic). It describes in detail the manifestation (Xiang) of physiological functions of solid organs (Zang) such as the Heart, Liver, Lungs, Spleen, Kidneys, and Pericardium, and hollow organs (Fu) such as Small Intestine, Larger Intestine, Gallbladder, Bladder, Stomach, and San Jiao. It teaches the functions that overlap largely with modern medical physiology as well as the additional functions due to the energetic connections of each internal organ with the rest of the body, including their specific impacts on sensory faculties, connective tissues, body gestures and movements, and body fluids. This chapter emphasizes that the internal organs in acupuncture and Chinese medicine should be perceived not only as structural and biochemical centers but also as energetic centers.

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