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Diencephalon: Thalamus, Hypothalamus, and Visual System 

Diencephalon: Thalamus, Hypothalamus, and Visual System
Diencephalon: Thalamus, Hypothalamus, and Visual System

Eduardo E. Benarroch

, Jeremy K. Cutsforth-Gregory

, and Kelly D. Flemming

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date: 21 October 2019

The supratentorial level includes all structures located within the skull and above the tentorium cerebelli. These structures develop from the embryonic prosencephalon and, therefore, include derivatives of the diencephalon and telencephalon. The visual system, a derivative of the diencephalon, provides input to the cerebral cortex for image formation and to subcortical structures to trigger the light reflex and entrain the circadian rhythm. This chapter discusses the anatomy, physiology, and clinical correlates of the diencephalic components of systems at the supratentorial level.

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