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Peripheral Level 

Peripheral Level
Chapter:
Peripheral Level
Author(s):

Eduardo E. Benarroch

, Jeremy K. Cutsforth-Gregory

, and Kelly D. Flemming

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190209407.003.0014
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date: 17 October 2019

Precise anatomical localization is a main goal of neurologic diagnosis. Knowledge of the major longitudinal systems and the manifestations of diseases within each system permits localization of a lesion within 1 or more systems. present the patterns of disease at each of the 4 major levels. The combination of signs and symptoms resulting from damage to the systems at each major level often allows highly specific localization of the underlying disorder. This chapter focuses on the peripheral level, which includes all neuromuscular structures outside the skull and spinal column. This includes spinal and peripheral nerves, nerve plexuses, sensory receptors, neuromuscular junctions, muscles, and the portions of cranial nerves outside the cranial vault. Diseases at the peripheral level are among the most common neurologic diseases and are encountered by physicians in all medical specialties.

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