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Immune and Infectious Diseases 

Immune and Infectious Diseases
Chapter:
Immune and Infectious Diseases
Author(s):

Andrea C. Adams

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190206895.003.0013
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date: 15 October 2019

Many immune-mediated diseases and infections affect the central and peripheral nervous systems. The common feature that characterizes both immune-mediated diseases and infections is a subacute temporal profile. Immune-mediated disease can affect only the nervous system or involve the nervous system as part of a systemic illness, as in vasculitis and connective tissue disease. Multiple sclerosis (MS), the most common disabling neurologic illness of young people, is the prototypical immune-mediated disease of the central nervous system (CNS).

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