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Vector-borne Diseases 

Vector-borne Diseases
Chapter:
Vector-borne Diseases
Author(s):

William K. Reisen

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190202453.003.0007
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date: 30 October 2020

Vector-borne diseases are especially sensitive to climate change because insect vectors are cold-blooded and therefore susceptible to subtle changes in temperature and humidity. Examples of climate-sensitive diseases covered in this chapter include mosquito-borne diseases, such as West Nile virus disease, Japanese encephalitis, malaria, and Chikungunya fever; and tick-borne diseases, such as Lyme disease and tick-borne encephalitis. Public health intervention of vector-borne disease transmission consists primarily of vaccination and vector control. Effective programs require decision-support systems driven by sound surveillance data to predict problems, verify and track their occurrence, implement control measures in a timely manner, and evaluate the efficacy of intervention. This chapter also contains textboxes on climate change and vector-borne diseases in Europe and climate change and Lyme disease.

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