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Respiratory and Allergic Disorders 

Respiratory and Allergic Disorders
Chapter:
Respiratory and Allergic Disorders
Author(s):

Patrick L. Kinney

, Kazuhiko Ito

, Kate R. Weinberger

, and Perry E. Sheffield

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190202453.003.0006
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date: 31 March 2020

Weather influences air pollution by affecting transport, dilution, chemical transformation, and eventual deposition. Subsequent changes in ozone, for example, threaten patients with asthma. Droughts caused by climate change can also increase wildfires, which create smoke containing hazardous fine particulate matter. Elevated temperature and carbon dioxide promote the production of pollen and other allergens. Flooding can exacerbate respiratory disorders due to the growth of molds. Household air pollution from burning biomass and coal for cooking causes substantial morbidity and mortality in low-income countries. This chapter also contains textboxes on occupational respiratory and allergic disorders, aeroallergens and climate change, and achieving climate change and health co-benefits by reducing household air pollution from biomass and coal fuels.

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