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A Widening Research Agenda: Challenges and Needs 

A Widening Research Agenda: Challenges and Needs
Chapter:
A Widening Research Agenda: Challenges and Needs
Author(s):

Anthony J. McMichael

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190202453.003.0003
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date: 22 October 2020

Due to multiple exposure pathways, feedbacks, and nonlinearity, researching health impacts of climate change requires new approaches. Categories of health impacts include primary (direct) impacts, such as deaths due to heat; secondary (indirect) impacts, such as changes in food yields and nutrition; and tertiary (diffuse or delayed) impacts. Population and ecological (systems-based) perspectives are therefore required, as conventional individual-centered epidemiological research has limitations in this context. This chapter also contains textboxes on investigating the interaction between climate factors and infectious diseases, applying epidemiology for studying the health impacts of climate change, and applying cross-sectoral data resources to promote multidisciplinary collaboration.

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