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Agriculture Policy 

Agriculture Policy
Chapter:
Agriculture Policy
Author(s):

Valerie J. Stull

and Jonathan A. Patz

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780190202453.003.0017
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date: 28 March 2020

Agriculture policy relates to a wide range of environmental, health, and other issues linked to climate change, including food production and pricing, diet, land use, land management, and biofuels. It plays an important role in ensuring food security, human health, and environmental sustainability. Excluding carbon dioxide, agriculture contributes more to greenhouse gas emissions globally than any other industry. Agriculture systems also serve as carbon sinks—processes that remove greenhouse gases from the atmosphere and store them in soil or plant biomass. Types of diets differ in their requirements for energy and water; reducing the amount of red meat in the average diet in wealthy countries will both reduce greenhouse gas emissions and lessen disease risks linked to saturated fats. This chapter also contains a textbox on health and environmental co-benefits of reducing meat consumption.

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