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Energy Policy in Developed Countries 

Energy Policy in Developed Countries
Energy Policy in Developed Countries

Gregory F. Nemet

and Jonathan A. Patz

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date: 29 July 2021

Burning of fossil fuels creates short-term health risks from air pollution and long-term health risks from climate change. Therefore, energy policy and public health policy are closely and inextricably linked. Near-term health co-benefits will thus result from greenhouse gas mitigation policies. This chapter compares the U.S. Climate Action Plan along with other developed-country energy policies, including policies to reduce carbon dioxide emissions (carbon taxes, cap-and-trade programs, and penalties on companies for excessive greenhouse gas emissions) and policies to reduce emissions from other greenhouse gases such as methane, nitrous oxide, and fluorinated gases. This chapter also contains textboxes on policies and actions in California to address climate change and on integrating health impact assessments and environmental impact assessments for large energy projects.

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