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Collective Violence 

Collective Violence
Collective Violence

Barry S. Levy

and Victor W. Sidel

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date: 28 July 2021

There is evidence that climate change has been associated with violence for hundreds of years. Climate change can cause environmental scarcity, which can be a key contributor to violent conflict. Scarcity of important environmental resources, such as crop land, forest, river water, and fish, can contribute to violence. A substantial decrease in rainfall and associated drought can result in increased conflict. In addition to measures to mitigate climate change, adaptation measures will need to be developed and implemented to reduce the risk of collective violence. These measures need to include preventing or reducing socioeconomic inequalities, violations of human rights, and other forms of social injustice that are often the underlying causes of violence. This chapter also addresses research issues and countries’ legal obligations to prevent collective violence. In addition, it contains a textbox on migration due to climate change.

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