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MRI

MRI  

Dennis McGonagle and Iris Eshed

in Oxford Textbook of Psoriatic Arthritis

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2018
Series: 
Oxford Textbooks, Oxford Textbooks in Rheumatology
Published Online: 
Aug 2018
eISBN: 
9780191801075
DOI: 
10.1093/med/9780198737582.003.0018
Career: 
Doctor
Specialty: 
Clinical Medicine, Rheumatology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198737582
involving the knee: the presence of psoriasis but not HLA-B27 or baseline MRI bone oedema predicts outcome. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2012;51(6):1099–106. 12. Marzo-Ortega H , McGonagle D , Rhodes LA , et al. Efficacy of infliximab on MRI -determined bone oedema in psoriatic arthritis. Ann Rheum Dis. 2007;66(6):778–81. 13. Marzo-Ortega H , Tanner SF , Rhodes LA , et al. Magnetic resonance imaging in the assessment of metacarpophalangeal joint disease in early psoriatic and rheumatoid arthritis. Scand J Rheumatol. 2009;38(2):79–83. 14. Braum LS , McGonagle
Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis  

Kenneth F. Baker and John D. Isaacs

in Oxford Textbook of Medicine (6 edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2020
Series: 
Oxford Textbooks
Published Online: 
Jan 2020
eISBN: 
9780191809019
DOI: 
10.1093/med/9780198746690.003.0446
Career: 
Doctor, Qualified, specialist
Specialty: 
Clinical Medicine, Rheumatology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198746690
transverse MRI scans demonstrate indentation of the spinal canal by inflammatory tissue at C1, as well as additional damage at the lower cervical levels. Images courtesy of Dr. G. Hide. Reproduced with permission from Isaacs JD , Moreland LW. Fast Facts: Rheumatoid Arthritis , 2nd edn. Oxford: Health Press Limited, 2011 , fastfacts.com. Ocular Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (dryness of the eyes) is a commonly observed feature of rheumatoid arthritis and may occur as part of a secondary Sjogren’s syndrome. Ocular inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis tends
Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis  

Mike Backhouse and Heidi Siddle

in The Foot and Ankle in Rheumatology

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2019
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Apr 2019
eISBN: 
9780191799211
DOI: 
10.1093/med/9780198734451.003.0006
Career: 
Doctor
Specialty: 
Clinical Medicine, Rheumatology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198734451
pressures and skin callosities in rheumatoid arthritis. Ann Rheum Dis. 1996;55(11):806–10. 78. Bouysset M , et al. The rheumatoid heel: its relationship to other disorders in the rheumatoid foot. Clin Rheumatol. 1989;8(2):208–14. 79. Helliwell P , et al. The Foot and Ankle in Rheumatoid Arthritis. A Comprehensive Guide. London: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, 2007. 80. Wakefield RJ , et al. The optimal assessment of the rheumatoid arthritis hindfoot: a comparative study of clinical examination ultrasound and high field MRI . Ann Rheum Dis. 2008;67(12):1678–82
Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis  

Nisha Manek

in Integrative Women's Health (2 ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2015
Series: 
Weil Integrative Library
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780190214821
DOI: 
10.1093/med/9780190214791.003.0029
Career: 
Doctor, Qualified, specialist, Nurse, Qualified Nurse, Allied Health Professional
Specialty: 
Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Popular Health, Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190214791
(2011). Herbal therapy for treating rheumatoid arthritis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev , 2:CD002948. Casimiro, L. , Barnsley, L. , Brosseau, L. , et al. (2005). Acupuncture and electroacupuncture for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev , 4:CD003788. Cerhan, J. R. , Saag, K. G. , Merlino, L. A. , Mikuls, T. R. , & Criswell, L. A. (2003). Antioxidant micronutrients and risk of rheumatoid arthritis in a cohort of older women. Am J Epidemiol , 157 , 345–354. Choi, H. K. (2004). Diet and rheumatoid arthritis: Red meat and beyond
Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis  

Kevin B. Hoover

in Musculoskeletal Imaging Volume 1: Trauma, Arthritis, and Tumor and Tumor-Like Conditions

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2019
Series: 
Rotations in Radiology
Published Online: 
Jun 2019
eISBN: 
9780190095772
DOI: 
10.1093/med/9780190938161.003.0030
Career: 
Doctor, Qualified, late specialism training
Specialty: 
Allied Health Professions, Radiography
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190938161
inflammatory bowel disease-related seronegative spondyloarthropathy; pos, positive; PsA, psoriatic arthritis; RA, rheumatoid arthritis; ReA, reactive arthritis; RF, rheumatoid factor; SIJ, sacroiliac joint. MRI is a useful secondary imaging modality because of its ability to detect the characteristic soft tissue and bone findings of early RA, especially BME, which can result in earlier diagnosis and treatment than radiography. The following MRI sequences in 2 orthogonal planes are routinely used in evaluation: T1W spin echo (SE) or fast spin echo (FSE) sequences;
Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis  

Sandeep Bawa and Paul Wordsworth

in Oxford Textbook of Trauma and Orthopaedics (2 ed.)

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Series: 
Oxford Textbooks
Published Online: 
Apr 2011
eISBN: 
9780199608249
DOI: 
10.1093/med/9780199550647.003.010002
Career: 
Doctor, Qualified, late specialism training, Qualified, specialist
Specialty: 
Surgery, Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, Clinical Medicine, Rheumatology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199550647
Sicca syndrome ♦ Felty’s syndrome: neutropenia, splenomegaly, and lymphadenopathy ♦ Other: rheumatoid nodules, vasculitic ulcers Fig. 10.2.4 A) Subaxial subluxation of the cervical spine in rheumatoid arthritis shown radiographically; B) MRI demonstrated significant cord compression. Rheumatoid nodules Intracutaneous or subcutaneous skin nodules occur in approximately one-quarter of patients and tend to be associated with more severe forms of RA and a positive rheumatoid factor. They are frequently found on extensor surfaces such as the elbow and forearm. Investigation
Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis  

Karim Raza, Caroline Cardy, and Elizabeth Justice

in Diagnosis and Treatment in Internal Medicine

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2018
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Aug 2018
eISBN: 
9780191840005
DOI: 
10.1093/med/9780199568741.003.0267
Career: 
Doctor, Qualified, early specialism training
Specialty: 
Clinical Medicine
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199568741
Further Reading McInnes IB and Schett G. The pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis. N Engl J Med 2011; 365: 2205–19. National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence . Rheumatoid Arthritis: The Management of Rheumatoid Arthritis in Adults . Available at http://www.nice.org.uk/nicemedia/pdf/cg79niceguideline.pdf (accessed 6 May 2015). Scott DL , Wolfe F , and Huizinga TW. Rheumatoid arthritis. Lancet 2010; 376: 1094–108. Smolen JS , Aletaha D, and McInnes IB. Rheumatoid arthritis. Lancet 2016; 388: 2023–38.
Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis  

Derrick J. Todd and Jonathan S. Coblyn

in The Brigham Intensive Review of Internal Medicine

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2014
Series: 
Other
Published Online: 
Jul 2014
eISBN: 
9780191742620
DOI: 
10.1093/med/9780199358274.003.0023
Career: 
Doctor, Qualified, late specialism training, Qualified, specialist
Specialty: 
Clinical Medicine, Primary Care
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199358274
Aletaha D , Neogi T , Silman AJ , et al. 2010 Rheumatoid arthritis classification criteria. Arthritis Rheum . 2010;62(9):2569–2581. Firestein GS . Inhibiting inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis. N Engl J Med . 2006;354(1):80–82. Huizinga TW , Pincus T . In the clinic. Rheumatoid arthritis. Ann Intern Med . 2010;153(1):ITC1-1–ITC1-15; quiz ITC1-16. McInnes IB , O’Dell JR. State-of-the-art: Rheumatoid arthritis. Ann Rheum Dis . 2010;69(11):1898–1906. O’Dell JR . Therapeutic strategies for rheumatoid arthritis. N Engl J Med . 2004;350(25):2591–2602
Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis  

Gavin Clunie, Nick Wilkinson, Elena Nikiphorou, and Deepak R. Jadon

in Oxford Handbook of Rheumatology (4 edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2018
Series: 
Oxford Medical Handbooks
Published Online: 
Jul 2018
eISBN: 
9780191794506
DOI: 
10.1093/med/9780198728252.003.0005
Career: 
Doctor, Qualified, early specialism training, Qualified, late specialism training, Qualified, specialist
Specialty: 
Clinical Medicine, Rheumatology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198728252
in the treatment of adult patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatology 2014;53:1344–6. 6. Bukhari M , Abernethy R , Deighton C , et al. BSR and BHPR guidelines on the use of rituximab in rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatology 2011;50:2311–3. 7. Ledingham J , Gullick N , Irving K , et al. BSR and BHPR guideline for the prescription and monitoring of non-biologic DMARDs. Rheumatology 2017;56:865–8. 8. Simon TA , Thompson A , Gandhi KK , et al. Incidence of malignancy in adult patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a meta-analysis. Arthritis Res
Diagnosis and clinical features of rheumatoid arthritis

Diagnosis and clinical features of rheumatoid arthritis  

Raashid Luqmani, Maarten Boers, and Theodore Pincus (eds)

in Rheumatoid Arthritis (Oxford Rheumatology Library)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Series: 
Oxford Medical Libraries, Oxford Rheumatology Library
Published Online: 
May 2011
eISBN: 
9780191740213
DOI: 
10.1093/med/9780199556755.003.0003
Career: 
Nurse, Qualified Nurse, Doctor, Qualified, early specialism training, Qualified, late specialism training, Qualified, specialist
Specialty: 
Clinical Medicine, Rheumatology
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199556755
of rheumatoid arthritis Key points • Patients with rheumatoid arthritis should be diagnosed as early as possible so that effective treatment can be initiated to prevent joint damage and comorbidities • Any swelling or persistent (>3 weeks) pain and stiffness in multiple joint areas should prompt referral to a rheumatologist • Typical joint patterns in RA include involvement of the metacarpophalangeal, metatarsophalangeal, wrist, and knee joints • The more difficult differential diagnosis is fibromyalgia, which also can co-exist in 20% of cases • Rheumatoid factor

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