Critical Care

Critical care is a branch of medicine that is concerned with the diagnosis and management of serious and life-threatening conditions. Many clinical situations are stressful and highly charged, and require considerable agility of both brain and hand, but it is these challenging demands that attract critical care practitioners to these specialties.

In this content collection we examine critical care techniques when monitoring and treating neurological disorders. From patients with stupor to traumatic brain injuries, gain more insight into this demanding role and what can be done to enhance the quality of care given. 

Chapters free until February 29th 2020

Introduction and clinical scenarios
from Point of Care Ultrasound for Emergency Medicine and Resuscitation

 

This chapter offers a brief overview of the background and importance of the use of ultrasound in clinical care.

Neurological drugs
from Oxford Desk Reference: Critical Care

 

From opioids to hypertonic saline, read about the different types neurological drugs and their uses here

 

Initial Management of Patients with Stupor and Coma
from Plum and Posner's Diagnosis and Treatment of Stupor and Coma

 

Of all the acute problems in clinical medicine, none is more challenging than the prompt diagnosis and effective management of a patient in coma. 

 

Learn more about the management of patients in this state with this chapter

 

Management of meningitis and encephalitis in the critically ill
from Oxford Textbook of Critical Care

 

This chapter reviews the management of meningitis and encephalitis. It focuses on acute bacterial meningitis, as patients with this disease tend to be more severely ill and are more likely to require intensive care management.

Surgical Treatment of Hemorrhagic Stroke
from Acute Stroke Management in the First 24 Hours 

 

Although hemorrhagic strokes account for only 10–15% of all strokes, they are the most fatal with a 30-day mortality rate of up to 40%. 

 

In this chapter the decision-making process for surgical treatment for strokes is discussed. 

The Management of Traumatic Brain Injury
from Neurocritical Care

 

In the United States, traumatic brain injury results in 2.5 million emergency department visits per year with 280,000 requiring hospitalization and is responsible for 53,000 deaths annually.

 

Learn about the general principles and management for traumatic brain injury patients here

Intracranial Pressure Monitoring in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury
from 50 Studies Every Intensivist Should Know

 

Research Question: Does management based on intracranial-pressure (ICP) monitoring lead to diminished mortality and improved neuropsychological and functional recovery at six months following a severe traumatic brain injury (TBI)? 

 

Find out the answer here

Essentials of Multimodal Brain Monitoring
from Mayo Clinic Critical and Neurocritical Care Board Review

 

Intensive care unit (ICU) clinicians spend a substantial amount of time monitoring patients and their organ systems however for years the only brain monitoring system was the neurologic examination.

 

Discover the progress that has been made and the essentials of Neuroimaging with this free chapter

Featured Article: Stroke Systems of Care
from Acute Stoke Management in the First 24 Hours: A Practical Guide for Clinicians Stroke Systems of Care

 

Every year approximately 795,000 people experience a stroke, many which are ischemic in nature, therefore early identification and rapid medical care are paramount. 

 

Read this edited extract from the full chapter ‘Stroke Systems of Care’ today.

 

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